Battery technologies essential for EU climate targets
Electricity from renewable energy sources is only generated when, for example, the sun is shining or there is enough wind. Therefore, the generation of renewable energy can only be planned to a limited extent and poses a challenge for the grids: The mostly decentralised energy generation must be brought into line with the planned, usually centralised generation and energy consumption. As electrochemical electricity storage devices, batteries are predestined for this task. "Innovative battery technologies play a key role for the all-electric society because they can store renewable energies in a decentralised manner and drive the market ramp-up of electromobility. It is therefore crucial that Germany and Europe now secure and expand their leadership in important sectors such as battery manufacturing," says Dr. Christian Rosenkranz, ZVEI Batteries Association Chairman.
All battery systems relevant for decarbonisation
With the European Green Deal, the European Commission wants to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. Especially since the responsible use of resources and climate neutrality are so crucial, Dr. Rosenkranz says the diversity of innovative battery technologies must continue to be promoted in the future.
Both lithium-ion and lead-acid batteries solve specific tasks. For example, they store green electricity, compensate for fluctuations in power generation or are used for electromobility. Non-rechargeable batteries are also important because they reliably supply energy to decentralised smoke detectors and sensors for Industry 4.0, for example. A variety of battery technologies are essential for the continued success of the energy transition.
Politicians are aware of the relevance of German and European battery production and support its development and strengthening, for example in the course of the "Important Project of Common European Interest" (IPCEI). In the view of the industry association ZVEI, the European funding programme makes an indispensable contribution to the technological sovereignty of Germany and Europe. "It is not about autarky, but about securing our ability to supply, maintaining and expanding our strengths in battery production in the long term, and safeguarding our strategic interests," Dr. Rosenkranz emphasised.
The establishment and expansion of a competitive battery industry must be supported by the government. "The negotiations on the EU Battery Regulation are entering the final phase and as acute as issues such as the use of recycled materials or due diligence obligations are: The targets must be realistic and the measures must be implementable. In addition, we need market monitoring to establish fair competitive conditions," said Dr. Rosenkranz.